How Many Acts Are There In Indian Constitution?

April 18, 2019

Preface:


What is this Constitution of India?


It is our country’s supreme law that defines the framework of the basic political principles and establishes what the different Government institutions should do in terms of procedure, powers and duties.


It contains fundamental rights, directive principles and the duties of citizens.


Indian Constitution is that it is the longest written constitution of any country in the world.


The Parliament can’t override it because the Constitution was created by a Special Constituent Assembly.



History


Constitution of India was adopted on the 26th of November, in the year 1949. However, it came to effect on the 26th of January 1950. 26th of January is celebrated as the Republic Day of India.


Formation


At commencement, Thad 395 articles in 22 parts and 8 schedules. It consists of approximately 145,000 words, making it the second largest active constitution in the world. Currently, it has a preamble, 25 parts with 12 schedules, 5 appendices, 448 articles, and 101 amendments.


Fundamental Rights


The Constitution of India provides its citizens with 6 fundamental rights.


These rights are: Right to Freedom, Right to Equality, Cultural and Educational Rights, Right to Constitutional Remedies, Right against Exploitation, Right against Exploitation. Recently, the Right to Privacy has also been added to the fundamental rights.


The Parts of the Indian Constitution are given below:-




Parts
Subject  Matter

Topic

I

States and
Union Territories

1-4

II



Citizenship
 

5-11

III



Fundamental Rights
 

12-35

IV

Directive
Principles of StatePolicy


36-51

IV-A

Fundamental
Duties


51 A

V

The Union
Government

52-151

 

Chapter I - The Executive

(52-78)

 

Chapter II - Parliament

(79-122)

 

Chapter III - Legislative Powers of President

(123)

 

Chapter IV - The Union Judiciary

(124-147)

 

Chapter V - Comptroller and Auditor-General of India

(148-151)

VI

The State
Governments

152-237

 

Chapter I - General

(152)

 

Chapter II - The Executive

(153-167)

 

Chapter III - The State Legislature

(168-212)

 

Chapter IV - Legislative Powers of Governor

(213)

 

Chapter V - The High Courts

(214-232)

 

Chapter VI - Subordinate Courts

(233-237)

VIII

The Union
Territories

238-242

IX

The Panchayats

243-243 O

IX-A

The
Municipalities

243 P-243 ZG

IX-B

The
Co-operative Societies

243 ZH-243 ZT

X

The
Scheduled and Tribal Areas

244-244 A

XI

Relations
between the Union and the States

245-263

 

Chapter
I-Legislative Relations


(245-255)

 

Chapter II - Administrative Relations

(256-263)

XII

Finance,
Property, Contracts and Suits

264-300 A

 

Chapter I - Finance

(264-291)

 

Chapter II - Borrowing

(292-293)

 

Chapter III - Property, Contracts, Rights, Liabilities, Obligations
and Suits


(294-300)

 

Chapter IV - Right to Property

(300 A)

XIII

Trade,
Commerce and Intercourse within the Territory of India

301-307

XIV

Services
under the Union and the States

308-323

 
 

Chapter I - Services

(308-314)

 

Chapter II - Public Service Commissions

(315-323)

XIV-A

Tribunals

323A – 323B

XV

 
Elections

           
324 - 329-A

 
XVI

Special
Provisions relating to Certain Classes

330-342

XVII

Official
Language

343-351

 

Chapter I - Language of the Union

(343-344)

 

Chapter II - Regional Languages

(345-347)

 

Chapter III-Language of the Supreme Court, High
Courts, and so on


(348-349)

 

Chapter IV-Special Directives

(350-351)

 
XVII



Emergency Provisions
 

352-360

XIX

Miscellaneous



361-367
 

XX

Amendment
of the Constitution

368

XXI

Temporary,
Transitional and Special Provisions

369-392

XXII

Short
title, Commencement, Authoritative Text in Hindi and Repeals

393-395



NOTE: Part VII ( dealing with Part - B states) was deleted by the 7th Amendment Act (1956). On the other hand, both Part IV - A and Part XIV - A were added by the 42nd Amendment Act (1976), while Part OX-A was added by the 74th Amendment Act (1992), and Part IX-B was added by the 97th Amendment Act (2011).

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